P K Anand

Placed at:   Jehanabad, Bihar

Education:BA Hindi and Master of Social Work, Mahatma Gandhi University Kerala.

Prior work experience:

  • worked with CAPART for 2 years under” young professional” programme. Was placed with Commissionerate of Rural Development, Govt of Kerala for the 1st year; AmritaSREE Livelihood Projects at Andaman Islands & CAPART Regional Committee Office for the 2nd year.Subsequently joined as Assistant Professor at Department of Social Work, Amrita University, Kerala before joining the fellowship.
     Key work during fellowship


  • Address the critical issue of Open defecation in the district. Of the 11 lakh population and 2.65 lakh households in Jehanabad more than 80% defecate in open. Only 20% of the households had access to toilets. The district machineries to implement programme (Nirml bharat Abhiyan and later Swachh Bharat Mission) to address the issue was highly inadequate and weak.

What was done:

  • DM appointed the fellow as the nodal officer of Swachh Bharat Mission. Initiated a campaign named “Jhakkas Jehanabad”. Held on to the principle of delegation and devolution of funds, functions and functionaries. collaboration with PRIS, SHG federations, Jeevika and Community Based Organisations were done through MoUs. For the 1st time in Bihar, established Rural Sanitary marts and provided revolving Funds to SHG women. Pulled in Donor Agencies and technical partners like WSP- World Bank and UNICEF for critical capacity Building trainings. “Community Lead Total Sanitation” approach was adopted in the district which emphasis on collective behaviour change. 6 volunteers per panchayat for 21 focus panchayats has been trained in CLTS process and deployed for effective “information Education Communication” Indicators of performance of the district was shifted from financial and physical achievement to number of hamlets achieving “open defecation free status”. 2 pit water seal toilet technology was made mandatory which is the most appropriate model for thickly populated and economically deprived villages of Jehanabad. Hand Wash Campaign focussing kids and Menstrual Hygiene Management is also introduced as part of the campaign. Ensured funding Support under CSR too.


  • Till last financial year, Jehanabad did not had a single village which was free from Open defecation. Efforts of last 9 months have yielded result; 38 villages has so far been declared open defecation free. Enhanced peoples’ participation with PRI and SHG federations playing active role . CLTS based activities has been institutionalized in the govt system. total spending on the programme for current financial year has increased 3 times, when compared to last financial year.